Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA)


An Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is required for several types of projects or activities prior to their planning and implementation. The necessity for EIA’s, stems from the European Union Directive (85/337/EEC) which was first introduced in 1985 and was amended in 1997 (97/11/EEC). The Directive outlines a useful framework in order to be clarified which project categories shall be made subject to an EIA, which procedure shall be followed and the content of the assessment.

What is EIA?

Simply defined, an EIA is a formal procedure of identifying, predicting, evaluating and mitigating all contingent adverse environmental impacts (positive and negative, permanent and temporary, direct and indirect, short, medium and long-term, secondary, cumulative) that the construction, operation and decommission of a proposed project or activity may have on the ambient environment.

The primary objective of EIA:

The purpose of an EIA is to ensure that the ensuing consequences of a development activity on the potentially vulnerable receptors (e.g. air, soil, water, fauna, flora, humans, landscape etc) are assessed at an early stage, thus enabling appropriate measures to be put in place to prevent, reduce or manage any possible negative impacts in accordance with the principles of sustainable development.

Key areas of EIA:

Significant key aspects that are investigated in an EIA study are:

  • Description of the project, alternatives / proposals / restrictions that have been considered,
  • Description of the existing situation of the environment, description of the significant effects on the environment, as well as
  • Mitigation measures and relative legislative frame

The EIA procedure:

Generally speaking, the EIA procedure normally follows a series of well defined incremental steps. At the first stage, a Preliminary Environmental Impact Study is needed to be carried out as a base line study necessary for following the formal legislative process of ''Preliminary Environmental Assessment and Evaluation''.

Consequently, the second phase seeks to deliver a full EIA Study in order to be granted the “Approval of Environmental Terms and Conditions” which actually gives authorization to proceed with the project. A critical part of the whole process of an EIA is its circulation to the competent authorities and availability to the public for comments before it may grant consent.

We believe that the EIA procedure should commence early on in the development of a project as it can be used to inform the design of a project. Also, when an EIA procedure is carried out properly, it can be used to overcome potential objections and minimize risk to the project.

3S Capabilities:

3S has been certified by the Ministry of the Environment as a qualified company to conduct projects in the following categories:
- Environmental studies

- Chemical studies and research

Our professional team encompasses a broad spectrum of multi and cross-disciplinary environmental specialists in the fields of chemistry, geology and engineering, thereby we adopt a spherical approach in assessing potential environmental problems that our client may confront.

We have expert skills and a breadth of experience in EIA studies related to hazardous emissions that guide our client to successfully gain project approval and authorization.

Our services cover all types of projects including:

  • Preliminary Environmental Impact Studies
  • Environmental Impact Assessment Studies
  • Environmental audits and Reports
  • Extension/Amendment of Approval of Environmental Terms and Conditions

Should you require further information, or advice on how to address your complex environmental problems, please contact us and we would be delighted to provide you with innovative, cost effective and sustainable solutions to your environmental concerns.